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Vinyl Flooring FAQ

 

What subfloors are approved for Luxury Vinyl products?

Allowed subfloors are:

Concrete, Underlayment grade plywood, Exterior grade plywood (sanded face, B-C or better grade), properly prepared non-cushion backed vinyl flooring.

All subfloors must be clean, dry and free of contaminants such as oil, grease, paint, sealers, waxes, curing compounds, excessive moisture, hydrostatic pressure.  Floors must be structurally sound, rigid, flat to 3/16" in 10 feet (F-32).

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Can I use self-stick flooring over heated subfloor?

Novalis floors are recommended over radiant heated floors provided the floor is not allowed to be heated over 85°F (29°C), or cooled below 55°F(13°C).   Also avoid any sudden temperature changes.

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Why not OSB or other subfloors?

OSB, particle board, Masonite and other non-underlayment grade plywood are generally not smooth and not constructed with exterior rated adhesives, making them susceptible to moisture related failures.  Additionally, OSB and particle-type boards may have a coating which is not compatible with flooring adhesives (including self-stick adhesives) and will prevent a proper bond.
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Can I use Luan plywood?

No.  Luan plywood is not allowed under any Novalis flooring product.
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Is a Primer necessary for peel and stick installation?

No, primers are not necessary on the recommended subfloors in our Installation Guides.  If you do want to use a primer, it must be latex based and made specifically for self-stick flooring.
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Is 100 lb roller required?

YES! Proper rolling with a 100 lb. 3 section roller will ensure proper pressure is applied to the flooring for adhesives to bond the substrate. Roll the floor during installation and after the floor is completely installed.

If you cannot obtain a 100 lb. roller, a household rolling pin can be utilized in the following manner: maintain contact throughout the installation by pressing straight down on the rolling pin, keeping it close to your knees and with as much of your body weight as possible. You will  need to roll in this manner over the whole floor. Pushing the rolling pin away from your body and then pulling it back only gets pressure on the floor when your arms are closest to your body, so there will be a lot of wasted energy and movement.

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Why is acclimation required and how long and @ what temperature?

Acclimation allows the solid vinyl flooring to become equal to the installed environment. This will better allow the flooring to become more stable during normal temperature fluctuations. With floating installations, acclimation allows the product to properly relax and the joints to be properly engaged. All floors must be acclimated under normal site conditions and temperatures for 48 hours prior to installation.

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What is the largest area allowed without expansion joints?

Runs of 30 feet are permitted (up to a total of 900 square feet) before you need to install a t-molding expansion joint.
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What are the arrows on the back paper for?

Directional arrows are for keeping the finish looking consistent throughout the installation. Also used when laying tiles in a quarter-turned method.
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What can I use to bring a shine to the floor?

Use of satin or gloss floor finishes will enhance the sheen of a vinyl floor. Be sure to use a floor finish that is compatible with solid vinyl tiles.
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Can I carry my floating floor from my rooms into a hallway in a continuous layout?

NO. Any opening less than 6 feet in width must utilize a suitable t-molding.
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How do I clean my vinyl floor?

Use a "neutral pH" cleaner to remove any sediments or contaminants to the flooring. These cleaners are safe enough for regular use on solid, luxury vinyl flooring. Do not use any type of chemical or harsh cleaners.

Regular sweeping and vacuuming with an electronic broom are also recommended. Do not use a vacuum with a standard 'bristled beater bar' as this can damage the wear layer on the flooring covering.

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Can I use other colors from other brands other than Blue Hawk?

Yes. Any pre-mixed, synthetic adhesive-type grout can be used on Novalis tiles. Check the manufacturer's label/website for proper installation at thin depths (less than 2.5mm).
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How do I cut out a round shape like a drain?

Use a compass to draw the circle then carefully heat the tile with a heat gun or hair dryer on the lowest setting. When the tile is warm and pliable, carefully use a utility knife with a sharp blade to cut the shape. Multiple passes are the best.
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Can I add "extra" adhesive to peel and stick installation?

NO. Common latex-based flooring adhesives are not compatible with Novalis' self-stick tile adhesive. Use of a secondary adhesive may cause a plasticizer migration and will cause and adhesive failure.
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Floor protectors are compulsory?

Floor protectors are necessary! Nylon type protectors are the best to use. Felt protectors can be used but must be changed frequently to keep the amount of embedded debris to a minimum.
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Do I need furniture protectors on my chairs, tables, etc.?

YES! Floor protectors are necessary! Nylon type protectors are the best to use. Felt protectors can be used but must be changed frequently to keep the amount of embedded debris to a minimum.
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Do I have to leave a gap around the perimeter of the room?

ABSOLUTELY! A 5/16" gap is required at all vertical surfaces including walls, cabinets, door frames, columns, fixtures, etc. to allow for the natural expansion and contraction of the vinyl flooring.
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Can flooring be installed in homes with wheelchair access?

Novalis floors exceed the ADA recommendations for static coefficient of friction and slip resistance and are suitable with wheelchair traffic. Novalis floors are not recommended to be installed on ADA ramps and accesses.
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How about houses with Pets?

Common household pets are fine with Novalis floors, but keep in mind that larger dogs have tougher, sharper nails and may scratch the surface layer on your flooring.
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Can flooring be installed on stairs?

Novalis flooring can be installed on stairs; however we do not recommend any type of after-market finish be applied on floorings used on stairs.
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Can flooring be installed on the wall or ceiling?

While not originally intended for use in wall or ceiling applications, Novalis cannot specifically recommend or warrant our products to be used in these circumstances.
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What is the proper sequence for locking the planks & tiles together?

STAINMASTER Premier locking luxury vinyl flooring requires the TOP joint be angled in first and then the LEFT SIDE joint be dropped and pressed into place. See the package insert for complete details.
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We vacation a lot during the year, what's the lowest temperature I can leave my floor at without having any problems?

Environmental temperature should be kept between 55F and 85F and you should avoid large temperature fluctuations in short periods of time.
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How do I make some corners and edges stick back down?

Gently heat the piece of flooring with a heat gun on low setting or a common hair dryer on low. When it becomes pliable, simply press it back into place and then place some weights on it overnight.
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Do I need a moisture barrier under my floating vinyl floor?

Moisture barriers are not required under floating vinyl floors, but can be utilized. A simple polyethylene sheet a minimum of 6 mills in thickness will suffice. Do not use foam paddings under floating floors.
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Why not mopping with soapy water?

Mops generally use too much water and leave a lot of water behind, which can seep through the seams in the tiles and planks and cause several issues with adhesive failure and subfloor swelling. Damp mopping with a neutral cleaner is the recommended method.
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What if it's over existing vinyl/sheet vinyl/linoleum?

Existing sheet goods are permitted provided they are non-cushion back, single layer floors. Sheet goods must be properly prepared with a suitable cementitious embossing leveler; follow the leveler manufacturer's directions regarding preparation of the surface and mixing with the appropriate additive.
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How do I prevent scratches and scuff marks?

Use nylon, plastic or felt type furniture protectors on all furniture legs and bottoms. Protectors, especially felt-type, must be changed regularly to prevent debris build up in the protector.

Apply an aftermarket finish to the flooring to prevent scuffing and minor scratches.

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How to remove adhesive from the joints and tops of the tiles?

On self-stick products you will need to use mineral spirits. Using a soft, white cloth, apply mineral spirits sparingly to the cloth first. Then gently dab the area on the tile with the cloth to pull the adhesive up. Do not pour the mineral spirits on the tile or use the cloth in a rubbing motion as this may damage the finish of the tile or lead to an adhesive failure.
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How do I remove a damaged tile?

Use a heat gun or hair dryer on the lowest setting to heat self-stick tiles. This will reactivate the adhesive and allow the tile to be pulled up using a putty knife. Be careful not to damage adjoining tiles.
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How do I replace a damaged plank or tile in my floating vinyl floor?

Please consult our repair guides at www.novalis-intl.com under the Technical information section.
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What type of rugs can I use over my floor?

Area rugs, walk-off mats and throw rugs must not have rubber backings.
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Can I install my floor on the same day it was purchased?

Floating vinyl floors must acclimate for 48 hours in the area before installation. Failure to properly acclimate will result in joints being difficult to engage, peaking, buckling and stressing of the joints which will lead to a failure of the mechanism.
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How much space needed for expansion?

Floating vinyl floors require a minimum of 5/16" of expansion space at all vertical surfaces. Self-stick and direct glue down flooring requires a minimum of 1/8" of expansion space.
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What is the spacing measurement?

Tile should be a minimum of 1/16" apart to a maximum of 3/16" wide.
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Where to start; from center or from edges?

Plank installations generally start from the upper, left corner of a room while tile installations are started from the center point of the room.
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Will sunlight fade my floor?

All vinyl floors are affected by sunlight and may fade over time. Novalis recommends use of suitable window coverings to minimize the exposure of sunlight.
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If I need to take apart the planks or tiles for any reason while installing, what is the proper method?

In order to properly unhook the products you must first disengage the TOP joint by lifting up on the row of flooring and pull it away from the row above it. You can then carefully SLIDE the planks apart from one another, starting with the rightmost piece of flooring. DO NOT PULL UP ON THE SIDE JOINTS AS THIS WILL PERMANENTLY DAMAGE THE LOCKING MECHANISM AND REQUIRE REPLACING THAT PLANK OR TILE.
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Does my vinyl floor scuff?

Yes, certain materials will scuff a vinyl floor like dark soled shoes, sneakers, rubber-based shoes and furniture bottoms.
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How long should I wait to apply grout?

Wait 24 hours after installation to allow adhesives to properly cure.
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What type of tools are needed to install the floor?

Commonly used tools for vinyl tile installation are utility knife with heavy duty blades, 100 lb. 3 section roller, chalk line, measuring tape, broom, pencil, heat gun (or hair dryer), speed square, wide putty knife, small trim pull bar.
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